Thursday, 29 November 2012

Kaziranga National Park a World Heritage Wildlife Sanctuary in India

Welcome To Kaziranga National Park

Located in the Golaghat in Nagoan District of Assam, Designated as a World Heritage site in December 1985. This park host the 2/3 population of the worlds great one horn Rhino. Also serve as a natural habitat for Tigers, park also has highest density of Tigers in protected areas of Park. Kaziranga is home to large breeding animals like elephant, swamp deer, wild water buffalo, home for many endangered bird population. Kaziranga is wide land covered with nice elephant grass and and dense moist broad leaf Forrest, with Bramhaputra river which is also called as the lifeline of this park. Apart from the Bramhaputra river park also have many small water resource with another four rivers. 

Forest Range Map

Park was reserved as a national park and protected wild life reserve since 1904. When the wife of Viceroy of India Lord Curzon, Mary Victoria Leiter Curzon visited Kaziranga to watch the Rhinos for which the area is known, but failed find a single one then, she tell her husband about this and suggested for the urgent action to protect this wild animal. Then Lord Curzon decide to reserve this land as a wild life century. At that time the area of the park was 232 square kilometre, then in 1908 they have decided to extend the protected area to 152 square kilometre, up to the Bramhaputra River. In 1916 it was rename as The Game Sanctuary in which hunting was strictly prohibited, during this visitors are allowed in the park. In 1950 this park was rename as The Kaziranga Wild Life Sanctuary.
Tigers in Kaziranga

Kaziranga experience heavy rainy season during the monsoon which occurs during June to September. During the Monsoon season the water level of Bramhaputra River rises to danger level, ¾th of western region of park submerged in to water due to flood situation in Bramhaputra River. The flood caused heavy migration of wild animals to the elevated regions outside the southern border of the park. Many many animals lost their life during this migration and flood. This year 631 wild life were lost in flood of Bramhaputra River; including 19 one-horn Rhinos. flood is a very common thing in this park in monsoon, this flood is a part of life cycle of this park and it is very important phase of life in this park. Flood takes life but also brings the new life in Kaziranga and flood is very important for ecology of this park.
Flood Situation
Flood Affecting the Wild Animals
Human Effort for Rhino Migrations

How to Reach

Assam State Transport offers Bus service from Guwahati to Tezpur and main gate of the sanctuary. Authorized guide of Forest department accompany you inside the park area. For elephant ride, Jeep or any other 4 wheel vehicle you have to book in advance.

Hornbill In Kaziranga

Best Time to Visit

Your can visit this park any time between November to April. But the park remain closed from April to October because heavy rain and flood in Kaziranga.

Map of Kaziranga

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